NEWS BRIEFS :  Still Up There | Bali Disaster Relief | Action Agenda | A New UU | Autumn Leaves | Haunted Hike | Harris Gets Exhibit |

News: Voice of Conscience Jim Weaver speaks out on war, elections, the environment, and 'two kinds of people.'
News: Two Kinds of People Jim Weaver's book on the psychology of hawks and doves in the Vietnam War.
News: People vs. Powers That Be Seven young activists fight the law.

Happening People: Charlotte Nisser

Traveler's not traveling much these days. The 30-something homeless activist has been perched more than 40 feet high in the branches of a large incense cedar at the downtown Saturday Market plaza since Oct. 12. And he says he won't come down until the city of Eugene lifts its ban against homeless camping within the city limits. Last Friday the city responded by erecting a 6-foot tall chain link fence around Traveler's tree.


According to Pam Olshansky, public information director for the Eugene Police Department, the fence is to protect passers-by from being hit by falling objects and to prevent Traveler's protest from disrupting the operations of the downtown market. Olshansky says that anyone who crosses the fence to bring food or other supplies to Traveler will be cited for "aiding and abetting someone who's committing a crime in the park." Police have already issued two citations.

The no-protestor zone doesn't sit well with everyone. Early Tuesday morning, Melissa Mona, a member of the city's Human Rights Commission, crawled under the fence and sent a basket filled with homemade cookies, coffee, cigarettes, fruit and books up to Traveler. She calls the city's treatment of the tree-sitter "a violation of human rights and common sense." And it's long past time, she says, to confront the issue of homelessness in Eugene head-on.

The city's ban on homeless camping is "draconian, it's disingenuous and it's shameful," she says. "I'm absolutely embarrassed to be living in a city that claims it's progressive and see this sort of oppression of the most vulnerable members of the community."

Olshansky says that politics has nothing to do with it. "It's not a homeless issue to the police, it's a criminal issue."

"You can't separate the two when you live in a city which criminalizes the homeless," countered Mona.

Even though there were police officers on the scene Tuesday morning, they took no action to prevent Mona from delivering supplies up the tree. But
they made it clear that the Human Rights Com-mission member isn't immune from the law.

"She will very likely be issued a citation," said Olshansky.    
James Johnston



Springfield city staff is reportedly mulling over PeaceHealth's pre-application paperwork this week for the big hospital project. Among the documents is the new Traffic Impact Analysis and we hear it shows that the Pioneer Parkway/Highway 126 intersection will need some upgrading. Surprise! Last we heard, Springfield doesn't have any road maintenance money and TransPlan is maxed out with the West Eugene Parkway. Will PeaceHealth have to come up with the extra bucks? Expect the price of a hospital enema to go up soon.

Has Sen. Gordon Smith really had a change of heart and become a sweet, liberal guy as shown in his TV ads? Or is it just clever political strategy? You'd never know Smith was a progressive from his voting record on the environment and social issues. Another clue comes from his two-faced campaigning. We hear he slips back into his old right-wing self when he rallies supporters in southern Oregon.

We can hear the arguments now. The Eugene City Council has no business taking stands on national issues that are outside our jurisdiction or sphere of influence. That's not our mission, that's not what the voters put us here to do, yadda yadda. But the USA Patriot Act does have an impact on the citizens of Eugene. The federal government's new powers to crack down on immigrants and set up vast domestic spy networks certainly affects our local freedoms. Eugene, with its university and boisterous political activists, is a juicy target for right-wing zealots who feel threatened by dissent. We encourage the city councils of Eugene and Springfield and the County Board of Commissioners to pass resolutions opposing the Patriot Act.

SLANT includes short opinion pieces and rumor-chasing notes compiled by the EW staff. Heard any good rumors lately? Contact Ted Taylor at 484-0519,

Bombs exploded in a popular night-club district on the island of Bali Oct. 12, killing an estimated 180 people, and Eugene area residents who sense a connection to the Balinese people now have a way to help.

Tax-deductible relief contributions can be made by check payable to "The Bali Hati Foundation." Send to The Bali Hati Foundation c/o Max Lloyd, 401 El Caminito, Carmel Valley, CA 93924

For local information on how to get involved, contact Marge Templeton of Eugene at or call 485-8725.

Templeton received a letter from Bali resident William Ingram, author of A Little Bit One O'Clock, saying "Our Balinese friends are shocked and confused. They are angry but, as Nyoman Suradnya said to the community during Wednesday night's purificatory prayers at Ubud's Temple to Shiva, 'We must reflect on our karma and ask forgiveness for whatever ways we have contributed to the violence.' This is different from apportioning blame, either upon oneself or anyone else. It refreshes me and fills me with hope to be with people whose spirit is large enough to take responsibility in such a mature way. …

"Anyone who has been here knows that their Balinese friends all exemplify an astounding faith in life and openness of heart. This island is now being challenged to manifest this as a communal stance. … They are in the true front line of the war on terrorism and will show us the way, for they know, as one village priest told me, that 'the bomb we must stop is the one in our own minds.'"

The upcoming election and the threat of war against Iraq are inspiring a series of rallies, meetings and speeches in Eugene this week.

ĞLocal Resistance to the USA Patriot Act (see story last week) is growing and speakers have been announced for the town hall meeting at 7 pm Thursday, Oct. 24 at PLC Hall at East 14th and Kincaid on campus. Speakers include immigration attorney Teuta Norman, civil rights attorney Lauren Regan, activist Mary Paladino and free speech attorney Brian Michaels. For more information, contact

ĞA "No War On Iraq" national day of action will be observed in Eugene at 10:30 am Saturday, Oct. 26 at the Federal Building at 7th and Pearl. The rally will be in conjunction with marches in San Francisco and Washington, D.C. and speakers will include Senate candidate Bill Bradbury, Alan Siporin, Debbie Pitney and others to be announced. Music and action activities by various peace groups will also be featured in this event sponsored by Eugene PeaceWorks, Oregon PeaceWorks and CALC. For information, contact CALC at 484-1755, or e-mail

Former President Bill Clinton will join Sen. Ron Wyden, governor candidate Ted Kulongoski, singer Art Alexakis and saxophonist Paul Biondi at a fund-raising rally for Bill Bradbury starting at noon Thursday, Oct. 31 at Mac Court on campus. General admission is $25 or $15 for students. Children under 12 are free. Call the UO tickets office at 346-4363 or Fastixx at (800) 992-8499.

A newly organized liberal religious community, the Springfield Unitarian Universalist Fellowship, held its first public meeting Oct. 6. Regular meetings will be held at 4 pm Sundays in the Springfield American Legion Hall at 8th and C.

The main speaker Oct. 6 was Jim Weldy who opened the meeting with the topic "Intentionality in Our New Fellowship."

For more information, visit or e-mail or call 345-5984.

Eugene's leaf program begins Oct. 28 this year. Originally implemented in the late 1960s as a leaf collection program to prevent street flooding, the program now delivers and recycles leaves as well.

The program recycles leaves by delivering them to residents, community gardens, community groups such as FOOD for Lane County, and commercial recyclers who use them as mulch or compost. Nearly 4,000 tons of leaves are recycled every year through this effort.

Leaves will be collected according to the following schedule: Oct. 28-Nov. 1: central Eugene. Nov. 4-8: southeast Eugene. Nov. 12-15: southwest Eugene. Nov. 18-22: west Eugene. Nov. 25-Dec. 6: North Eugene. Dec. 9-13: central Eugene. Dec. 16-20: southeast Eugene. Dec. 23-27: southwest Eugene. Dec. 30-Jan. 3: west Eugene. Jan. 6-10: north Eugene.

For more information, call the Leaf Hotline at 682-5383. For information about composting leaves, call 682-5542.

Halloween comes early this year with Nearby Nature's sixth annual Haunted Hike this weekend. The event runs from 5:30 to 9 pm Friday, Oct. 25 in Alton Baker Park.


Throughout the evening, Nearby Nature guides will lead special night hikes in the nearby woods along pumpkin-lit paths. On each hike, folks will encounter a variety of furry and feathered night creatures in costume.

Haunted Hike is free to Nearby Nature members and $5 per person for non-members. Groups are welcome. Pre-registration is required, so call 687-9699 to reserve a space. Each hike lasts at least 45 minutes. Bring a flashlight, hiking shoes, and raingear if it's a dark and stormy night.

Eugene sculptor Jerry Harris has been selected by an international jury to exhibit his work at the fourth bi-annual 2003 Biennale Internazionale Dell' Arte Contemporanea in Florence, Italy. The show will be in December 2003.

Harris, an African-American artist and columnist for EW and other publications, moved to Eugene two years ago after spending most of his career in Stockholm, where he is a member of the Swedish Sculptor's Society. Harris has exhibited both nationally and internationally. His first one-man show in Oregon will be at the Jacobs Gallery at the Hult Center in 2004.

In the K.C. Joyce art exhibition story last week, we forgot to mention that La Follette's Gallery has long been known for its hand-made, hardwood frames. Thanks to a generous public, the first show sold out. Joyce will have additional prints and paintings for sale at the artist's reception from 5:30 to 8:30 pm Oct. 25 at the gallery.

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Voice of Conscience
Jim Weaver speaks out on war, elections, the environment, and 'two kinds of people.'
Story and photo by Ted Taylor

Jim Weaver's influence on national and Northwest politics today is difficult to gauge, but anyone who tries is likely to fall short. As our outspoken and often cantankerous 4th District congressman from 1974 to 1987, Weaver rocked the establishment with his loud, intense and eloquent advocacy for wilderness preservation, his attacks on the nuclear power industry, his stand against the Vietnam War and wasteful military spending, and his objections to herbicide and pesticide proliferation.

He gathered around him a dream team of staffers and volunteers who have gone on to positions of power, influence and activism. They include Peter DeFazio, Peter Sorenson, Cynthia Wooten, Ron Eachus, Joe Rutledge, Dan Meeks, David Fidanque, Mardel Chinburg, Greg Skillman, Grattan Kerans, Clayton Klein, Gayle Landt, Bern Johnson and many others.

Weaver's making fewer headlines these days, preferring a reclusive life of reading and writing at his rural home near Buford Park and Mount Pisgah. He and his second wife, Katie, live in a solid, modest house he built 32 years ago when he was in the construction business. He grows tomatoes and keeps a flock of friendly mixed-breed chickens. Still trim and fit at 75, he says he "leads the straight and narrow life," runs a 3-mile circuit on country backroads and climbs Pisgah every week.

Is he quietly fading into history? Not likely. He keeps popping back into public view. Weaver ran for mayor of Eugene in 1996, tested the waters for a District 40 legislative race in 2000 and declined a Green Party draft for the governor race this year. But his greatest future contribution may be with a book he has written that could change the way we look at war and peace, intolerance, invention and the environment (see accompanying story).

On Bush's Rush to War
Weaver is fascinated by America's perpetual division of "hawks" and "doves" and figures we're in big trouble with another hawkish Bush at the helm.

"Doves are powerless against hawks. They can beat the shit out of us anytime. George Bush can right now," he says. "The only chance we've got is voting, because we've got the numbers."

"Twenty years ago I said in many speeches and writings that we're going to come to the end of the era soon — I thought it would have happened earlier than this — and when that happens, when our political institutions are under enormous pressure, a Roosevelt is not going to get elected — we're going to get a fascist. Now whether that's Bush, or somebody coming after him, I don't know. He could be just a precursor."

Weaver's pleased with Rep. DeFazio's strong public stand against Bush's rush to war. "Whether I had any influence on him, I don't know. I like to think maybe because he's following in my path, he takes some courage from what I did."

But while Weaver is a dove, he is no pacifist. He enlisted at the age of 17 and served in World War II on an aircraft carrier in the Pacific, and he supported Truman sending troops into Korea in 1950. "But I opposed any involvement in Vietnam from the start," he says. He spoke out against the war both in Congress and on the streets in Eugene.

On Ethics and Elections
"I've been outraged by lying," Weaver says. "People lie! George Bush in his speech yesterday — a dozen lies in a five-minute speech. I used to have witnesses before my committee — that's how I got a reputation of being abusive and abrasive — and these would be cabinet secretaries and presidents of corporations who would sit there and lie, and I wouldn't let them get away with it.

"Republicans have to lie, and I mean this very seriously. They couldn't possibly get elected otherwise. Have you seen Gordon Smith's commercials? Did you know he was an ultra-liberal? That pisses me off."

On his own low-key, low-budget run for the Eugene mayor's race against the well-financed Jim Torrey in 1996, Weaver says, "I misread the public entirely. I thought they were ready for change, for reform, for slow growth or no growth. … Why on earth do you want more people to come in? It does make some real estate developers rich, but the rest of us have to pay higher taxes, pollution, congestion, etc. It's crazy, but it's deep in the culture of this country ..."

On the Environment
"Jim's accomplishments are legendary in the progressive folklore of Oregon," says Lane County Commissioner Pete Sorenson who worked on Weaver's staff from 1974 to 1977, and is still a big fan.

Weaver, known for his expertise on energy policy, made headlines in his successful battles to stop the proliferation of nuclear power plants in the Northwest, strategically using economic arguments while other activists were touting safety and environmental concerns. Others have followed Weaver's example and today economic issues, such as calculating the true cost of sprawl, are often used to draw broader support for environmental concerns.

"I've been outraged by what I see around me, ever since I was a kid. I was an environmentalist back in the 1940s as an 18-year-old. I hated cars, spewing their poisons, and I didn't own a car until I was 30 and had to get one for a job I had."

Weaver sponsored and pushed through Congress more than a dozen bills, many of them dealing with environmental protections, such as the National Forest Management Act, the Federal Land Policy Management Act, National Organic Agriculture Act, and expansions of wild and scenic river areas and wilderness designations. He is credited with legislation protecting more than a million acres of Oregon wilderness.

"Weaver was ahead of his time on a lot of issues," says DeFazio, "certainly on the issue of the Washington Public Power Supply System, Bonneville Power System, and the need to better provide for salmon in the hydro system. All the things he worked on and fought for in the Northwest Power Act we're still fighting for. Jim staked out the direction 20 years ago."

"Jim is like many geniuses. He saw things, and still sees things very clearly," says Dave Fidanque, Oregon director of the ACLU, and another ex-Weaver staffer. "He was not always right. He was always convinced (even 20 years ago) that the economy was going to come crashing down. His timing was a little off. … America's dependence on foreign oil was one of the things Jim always hammered at, and goodness knows, it's more of a problem today than it was in the late '70s and early '80s and nobody's doing anything about it."

On Money in Politics
"I've always been strongly opposed to money in politics," Weaver says. "I find it offensive, immoral, corrupt. I kept the spending I did to the absolute minimum. I was in 16 hotly contested congressional races and spent in all 16 less than Ron Wyden spent in one uncontested election for Congress. I have accepted no honorariums, no gifts, no trips, no dinners, absolutely nothing. I've been to some receptions and I'd eat the shrimp, but no lobbyist could ever take me out. … And I've always been opposed to gambling, even Indian casinos."

Joe Rutledge, another former staffer and now a nationally known marketing and communications strategist living in Connecticut, says, "I doubt that most Oregonians have any real knowledge of how effectively Jim used his intellect, street smarts and political sense to get things done for the average citizen, despite the combined opposition of most other Northwest officeholders and staff members who viewed their primary constituents as PGE, PP&L, the timber guys, and a handful of other interests,"

"Jim played many important roles in Congress," says Mardel Chinburg of Eugene, another former staffer, "but significant was his role as a voice of conscience — he tirelessly and passionately advocated progressive legislation without sacrificing issues or his philosophy in order to get bills passed."

Two Kinds of People
Weaver's book, Two Kinds: The Genetic Origin of Conservatives and Liberals, was inspired by his attempts to understand the psychology of hawks and doves in the Vietnam War. His degree from UO is in political science, but he's spent a lifetime studying evolution and the behavioral sciences.

"If I hadn't gone into politics, I would probably have had a doctorate in what would have amounted to evolutionary psychology," he says. "I developed a theory on how natural selection creates two kinds of people. It can't be culture, it can't be upbringing, it can't be education. I know some trauma, such as child abuse, can have an effect on a person's life, but there has to be something else."

His theory is that all people are genetically inclined to become either hawks or doves — conservatives or liberals, ethnocentrics or empathics, Republicans or Democrats — and it's a matter of random selection rather than hereditary. Identical twins are invariably similar in their politics and attitudes, but other siblings are often opposites.

"You see this in all walks of life," he says. "The doves are the thinkers — it's what nature did 50,000 years ago, created the thinkers. The doves invent things, but once they get things going, the hawks take over. The doves started Apple Computers and the labor unions, and once they got power they were taken over by the hawks. Hawks take over and perform a very valuable function, build it, sell it, etc. People who read my book say I denigrate hawks, but not really. I don't like them, but they perform an extremely important function. If the Chinese army starts coming down I-5, I'm going to head to wherever the hawks are to defend me."

Weaver supports his theory with numerous national and international surveys; published academic research in psychology, sociology and anthropology; and even classical literature.

"Doves have, to one degree or another, the power of abstraction and a heightened sense of imagination. The mind of a hawk tends to be egocentric and ethnocentric and less imaginative," he writes in his book. "I do not mean to imply that doves are more intelligent than hawks. Both are capable of reasoning. They simply view things differently."

Doves are revolutionaries, he writes, standing up against tyranny, but "Hawks want power, and they have the innate aggressive urges that help them achieve power. Sensitive, empathic doves are less likely to fight their way into positions of power. People in positions of authority are thus far more likely to be unempathic, ethnocrentric hawks. …

"Polls taken throughout the Vietnam war showed that the American people were roughly divided between hawks and doves, with a slight bias to the hawks. ... The extreme hawks and doves were each exactly 25 percent of the population, and their minds never changed."

Weaver goes on in his book to describe the many variations and combinations that make up the middle 50 percent of the population, including "stinging doves" who will fight back fiercely if attacked, and "chicken hawks" who will back down if their attacks are challenged.

He says his theory explains a lot about human nature, such as why tyrants can always find murderers and torturers to do their dirty work, why some people naturally support the environment and social services, why liberals are always squabbling among themselves, and even why some people succeed in business.

His book is available in limited numbers through local book stores, but has not yet been picked up by a major publishing house. He says publishers are wary of his book because it contains unconventional theories, and he has no academic credentials in human behavior sciences.

"I wanted to come back to Oregon and write my book and then I thought I'd spend the rest of my days lecturing in colleges about my book. It never occurred to me that nobody would publish it.       –TJT

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People vs. Powers That Be
Seven young activists fight the law.

"They think they're making an example of us, and we're thinking, 'It doesn't matter,'" says activist and recent Eugene transplant Shauna Farabaugh of her prosecution for a trial in Washington, D.C.. Farabaugh and six other activists defended themselves pro se (acting as their own legal representation) against charges of obstructing and impeding passage on Capitol grounds.

The charges were filed as a result of the activists' involvement in a protest against Plan Colombia, a $1.3 billion foreign aid package signed in July 2000, the bulk of which goes toward military aid and training.


In April of this year, Farabaugh joined 3,000 people who staged an early morning march from the Washington Monument to the Capitol building in protest of Plan Colombia. Upon arriving at the Capitol building, Farabaugh was part of two smaller groups that broke off from the march to line the building entrances. Thirty-seven people from these smaller groups were arrested for obstructing entrances on Capitol grounds, thereby interfering with the orderly processes of Congress.

"Of the 37 people arrested," says Farabaugh, "30 were 'no papered …,'" meaning no record of their arrests were kept on file. The DA chose to prosecute the remaining seven activists, including Farabaugh, Becky Johnson, Kate Berrigan, Sarah Saunders, Jackie Downing, Anna Hendricks and Riley Merline. The seven co-defendants, all under 25 years of age and from different parts of the country, chose to defend themselves.

In an article for The Nonviolent Activist (Sept./Oct. 2002), Farabaugh's co-activist/defendant Kate Berrigan writes, "In preparing for our trial, we chose roles to show off our strengths. Becky Johnson, who is more well-versed in legalese than the rest of us, argued most of our pretrial motions; Riley Merline, who gave our opening statement, was a calm and peaceful presence to introduce us to the jury. During the prosecution's case, I tried to look righteous in cross-examining the police who testified. Our case rested on Anna Hendricks, who had been to Colombia … testifying about what she had seen there; Sarah Saunders, who had also been to Colombia, direct-examined Anna to elicit the best testimony. Shauna Farabaugh, sincere and convincing, gave the all-important closing statement; Jackie Downing, who thinks well on her feet, argued our proposals for jury instructions…"

By their July trial, the seven activists were prepared to convince the jury that they had only been exercising their First Amendment rights and that the brief time they had stood at the Capitol entrances before they were arrested — 10 minutes according to Farabaugh — could not be construed as long enough for obstructing or impeding any processes of Congress. They also hoped to show that Plan Colombia, not the minor charges brought against them, was what deserved true thought and deliberation.

The defendants had counted on the trial lasting about three days. However, it ended up lasting twice that long, with the jury deliberating for almost three days alone to come to a verdict.

Judge Henry Greene, presiding over the trial, called Farabaugh's following closing argument one of the best he had heard in years:

"Members of the jury, the prosecution has said that this case is not about government policy or the right to criticize the government. … Yet this is a hollow statement, easily said, much more challenging to embody. ... When you look at the government's photographs [of the protest] in the jury room, you will see people, puppets and signs. Peaceful, singing people exercising their democracy. The same government that today prosecutes the defendants before you, persecutes the people of Colombia daily. That persecution is what we are trying to prevent. We are on trial today for what some call a 'crime,' but our goal is to shed light on the great crimes of Plan Colombia — the crimes of our government, crimes for which all of us bear some responsibility. Unfortunately, Plan Colombia is not on trial today, though it most certainly should be."

The jury came back deadlocked, with 10 members voting to convict and two voting to acquit. Farabaugh and her co-defendants had planned until just recently to defend themselves again in an Oct. 28 appeal. However, they just received word that the prosecution has dropped the charges and is no longer pursuing the case. "I'm just reeling," Farabaugh says. "But in the good way."

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Charlotte Nisser
UO senior Charlotte Nisser estimates that she devotes at least 40 hours per week to her "half-time" job as general manager of 24-hour campus radio station KWVA. "It's a demanding job," she admits. "I'm on call at all times." A Eugenean since age 3, Nisser served a six-week internship with KEZI TV for a senior project at Willamette High School, where she was the first to earn a Certificate of Advanced Mastery. She started out as a news reporter at KWVA in the fall of '99, her first term on campus, moved up to news director a year later, and acceded to the GM position in the summer of 2001, following a spring term of study in France. A dancer with the UO Marching Band's dance team for her first three years, Nisser reluctantly dropped out this fall, though she still coaches the Thurston High dance team two days a week. She also works eight to 10 hours a week at the UO Law School, in addition to carrying a full load of course work. "I want to be politically involved, and I want to be a journalist," says Nisser, who will graduate next spring with majors in journalism and international studies, minors in French and political science. "It's a good set up for whatever I decide to do."

— Paul Neevel

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